Publications

 

IEEE XploreSearch IEEE Xplore for articles on Digital Reality

 

IEEE Calls for Papers

Computing in Science & Engineering
Virtual and Augmented Reality Applications in Science and Engineering - Submission deadline: 1 September 2019

IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
Graphics and Virtual Environments for Serious Games - Submission deadline: 1 December 2019

 

IEEE Publications on Digital Reality

IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, March/April 2018 - Virtual and Augmented Reality
IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, March/April 2018, Virtual and Augmented Reality
Proceedings of the IEEE, May 2017 - Emerging 3-D Imaging and Display Technologies
Proceedings of the IEEE, May 2017, Emerging 3-D Imaging
and Display Technologies
The Institute, December 2016 - Diving Into Digital Senses
The Institute, December 2016,
Diving Into Digital Senses
(PDF, 4 MB)
Proceedings of the IEEE, February 2014 - Applications of Augmented Reality
Proceedings of the IEEE, February 2014, Applications
of Augmented Reality
Computer, July 2012 - What's Real About Augmented Reality?
Computer, July 2012,
What's Real About
Augmented Reality?

IEEE White Papers & Reports

Augmented Machines and Augmented Humans Converging on TranshumanismAugmented Machines and Augmented Humans Converging on Transhumanism
IEEE Digital Reality - June 2019

By Roberto Saracco, Co-chair, IEEE Digital Reality Initiative

We have experienced a significant evolution in the capabilities of machines over the last 250 years with an incredible acceleration in the last 50 years, thanks to electronics and software. This evolution is going to continue and accelerate in the coming two decades leading to machines as "smart" as humans.

At the same time the human species has augmented its capability in various areas more than doubling life expectation over the last 100 years, and individuals have learned to leverage machines as never before to improve their life, their performances and extend their knowledge. This is also expected to progress in the coming two decades to the point that the boundary between humans and machines will become, in many instances, fuzzier and fuzzier, partly due to the growing use of digital twins. The progress seen in the last decades and the one expected is reshaping the idea of transhumanism, making it much more concrete.

Access the white paper (PDF, 2 MB)

 

Digital TransformationDigital Transformation
IEEE Digital Reality - March 2019

By Roberto Saracco, Co-chair, IEEE Digital Reality Initiative

The Digital Transformation everyone is talking about today is fueled by advances in technology, mostly transducers, i.e., sensors and actuators, and semantics extraction tools, i.e., artificial intelligence supporting data analytics. The reason why industries and institutions alike are interested in the Digital Transformation, however, is based on economics. The Digital Transformation is shifting the economy of atoms to the economy of bits. The economy of atoms is an economy of scarcity: atoms are limited; if you give an atom away you no longer have it. On the contrary, the economy of bits is an economy of abundance; if you give bits away you still have them (a copy actually, but in the world of bits copies are indistinguishable from the original). This whitepaper addresses the changes expected due to the Digital Transformation on society, technology, and the economy, and studies its impact on multiple verticals, including Smart Cities, car sharing, and the camera/photography industry.

Access the white paper (PDF, 2 MB)

 

IEEE Symbiotic Autonomous Systems White Paper IIIEEE Symbiotic Autonomous Systems White Paper II
IEEE Symbiotic Autonomous Systems - October 2018

By S. Mason Dambrot, Derrick de Kerchove, Francesco Flammini, Witold Kinsner, Linda MacDonald Glenn, Roberto Saracco
Edited by Theresa Cavrak

This White Paper follows the first one produced in 2017 by the IEEE Symbiotic Autonomous Systems Initiative (SAS), extending it to address updated technologies and cover additional topics due to the evolution of science and technology. Additional white papers will follow because this is an area in continuous development.

The first examples of symbioses are already available in a number of areas and even now, these are impacting our economic system and way of life. The IEEE SAS Initiative takes a 360° view based on technology and standardization—the foundation of IEEE—and invites all interested constituencies to contribute complementary points of view, including economic, regulatory, and sociocultural perspectives. The transformation fostered by technology evolution in all paths of life requires planning and education by current and future players. Another goal of the initiative is to consider the future of education, given that these symbioses transform its meaning, making it both shared and distributed.

In this respect, the aims of this White Paper are to further develop the ideas presented in the first white paper: (1) to highlight impacts that are clearly identifiable today, and (2) to indicate emerging issues, thus providing a starting point to those involved in making public policy to understand the technical fundamentals, their evolution and their potential implications.

Note that this White Paper is intended to be self-contained, without requiring the reader to read the previous white paper.

Access the white paper (PDF, 6 MB)

 

Symbiotic Autonomous Systems White Paper I
IEEE Symbiotic Autonomous Systems - November 2017

By Roberto Saracco, Raj Madhavan, S. Mason Dambrot, Derrick de Kerchove, and Tom Coughlin

This White Paper is the result of a joint effort by several people and represents a consensus reached among the members of the IEEE Symbiotic Autonomous Systems (SAS) Initiative at the end of October 2017. Since the SAS field is in continuous evolution, this White Paper should be considered a “work in progress.”

SAS leverages many technologies and has applications in many vertical markets. The field will therefore have an increasing impact on our society—and on the way, each one of us perceives and relates to his or her environment. Hence, the issues related to Symbiotic Autonomous Systems go far beyond just technology evolution and utilization.

In this respect, the aims of this White Paper are to (1) highlight those issues that are clearly identifiable today, and (2) to indicate emerging issues, thus providing a starting point to those involved in making public policy to understand the technical fundamentals, their evolution and their potential implications.

Access the white paper (PDF, 3 MB)

 

IEEE Talks Digital Reality

IEEE Talks Digital RealityIEEE Talks Digital Reality: Q&A with Raj Tiwari

In our first IEEE Talks Digital Reality Q&A session, we spoke with Raj Tiwari, lead co-chair of the IEEE Digital Reality Initiative. Raj provided his insights on Extended Reality (XR) and its potential for changing how we live, work, learn and share, providing information on use cases for the technology and highlighting its importance for both enterprises and individuals as we move into a new transformational era.

Read more

 

 

IEEE Future Directions Blog

Looking Ahead to 2050The IEEE Future Directions Blog, authored by Roberto Saracco, offers daily insight and observations on emerging technologies, trends, and their implications. See a selection of blog posts on the digital transformation, digital reality, symbiotic autonomous systems, and related topics.

Read more

 

 

 

IEEE SAS eBooks

These eBooks collect posts each year that have been published since 2016 on the FDC blog touching upon the broad area of symbiotic autonomous systems from technology enablers evolution to personal and social impacts.

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Slides & Presentations

TitleSpeakerEvent
Augmented Machines and Augmented Humans Converging on Transhumanism (PDF, 24 MB) Roberto Saracco 2019 IEEE Jordan International Joint Conference on Electrical Engineering and Information Technology (JEEIT), 9-11 April 2019, Amman, Jordan

 

Related Articles

The Deming Twin

By Patrick Henz, Head of Governance & Compliance, Regional Compliance Officer Americas

"Gianluca Bacchiega shortly defined in 2017: “A digital twin is a real time digital replica of a physical device.” To be more specific, the IEEE’s work-group for Symbiotic Autonomous Systems defined in its second white paper: “a Digital Twin is a digital representation of any characteristics of a real entity, including human beings. The characteristics represented by a Digital Twin are a subset of the overall characteristics of a real entity. The choice of which characteristics are digitalized depends on the purpose of the digitalization, i.e., the intended use of the Digital Twin.” Based on this definition, the virtual model is not limited to being the second (replica), but instead understands it as a digital mirror of a physical object (including a living organism) or process."

Read more

 

IEEE SAS Workshop Report
IEEE Symbiotic Autonomous Systems - October 2018

The IEEE SAS Workshop in San Diego was run in conjunction with TTM 2018, a fitting association since the horizon on the initiative is long term 2040-2050. As it was pointed out in the opening introduction by Roberto Saracco, the Initiative chair, the implications are being felt today and steps need to be taken today to prepare for a future that we like. It was pointed out that the evolution towards Symbiotic Autonomous Systems is "almost" inevitable. It will be the end result of the concurrent evolution of machine augmentation and human augmentation converging on a symbioses.

Read the report (PDF, 454 KB)

 

External Reports

IEEE Scenarios for AR in 2020
IEEE Standards Association - 2014

This project permits a large group of companies and other organizations that have not taken into account the rise of mobile AR in their planning process to explore how they might contribute to and adjust their strategies in order to excel in a just and healthy future wherein everyone will be able to acquire (capture), publish, and receive/combine digital assets in real time and synchronized with their physical world surroundings.

Access the Report at IEEE Standards Association

 

Augmented Reality and Standards
IEEE Standards Association - 2014

The Augmented Reality and Standards white paper provides a brief overview of the opportunities for AR expansion in various areas. It also highlights the challenges faced in the AR market and how standardization can help through interoperability, improving efficiencies, and driving market adoption.

Access the White Paper at IEEE Standards Association